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Transcriptome-wide identification and characterization of the Procambarus clarkii microRNAs potentially related to immunity against Spiroplasma eriocheiris infection

2013-11-23 我的网站 已读
Transcriptome-wide identification and characterization of the Procambarus clarkii microRNAs potentially related to immunity against Spiroplasma eriocheiris infection

 

Jiangtao Ou a,b, Yue Li a, Zhengfeng Ding a, Yunji Xiu a, Ting Wu a, Jie Du a, Wenjie Li a, Huanxi Zhu a, Qian Ren a, Wei Gu a, Wen Wang a,*
Abstract:We used the Illumina/Solexa deep sequencing technology to sequence two small RNA libraries prepared from hemocytes of Procambarus clarkii under normal and infection conditions. The high-throughput sequencing approach resulted in approximately 12,801,827 and 8,410,455 raw reads corresponding to 10,949,754 and 6,648,161 high-quality mappable reads for the normal and infected hemocyte samples, respectively. Bioinformatic analyses identified 195 unique miRNAs, including 30 that are conserved in
crustaceans, 48 that are novel to crayfish but are present in other arthropods (PN-type), and 117 that are completely new (PC-type). Thirty-three miRNAs displayed significant differential expressions between the two hemocyte samples (p < 0.0001). Of these, 15 (45.5%) were significantly up-regulated and 18 (54.5%) were significantly down-regulated upon challenge with Spiroplasma eriocheiris. Integrating comparative genomic and bibliomic analysis, of the 33 significant miRNAs identified, 19 were conserved and immune-related in P. clarkii and Eriocheir sinensis infected with S. eriocheiris infection; 24 were conserved and immune-related in P. clarkii and Marsupenaeus japonicus immune response to S. eriocheiris or white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. Function annotation of target genes revealed a broad range of biological processes and signal transduction pathways that regulated by crayfish miRNAs.
Thereinto, pcl-miR-34, pcl-miR-7, PN-pcl-let-7, pcl-miR-1, and pcl-miR-2b are highly conserved in vertebrates and invertebrates and function in the similar pathways. To our knowledge, this is the first report of comprehensive identification of P. clarkii miRNAs and of expression analysis of P. clarkii miRNAs after exposure to S. eriocheiris in crayfish, and many miRNAs were differentially regulated under normal and infection conditions. Our results should help develop new control strategies for efficient immune protection
against S. eriocheiris infections in crustaceans.

 

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